ISSYK-KUL LAKEISSYK-KUL LAKE
Issyk-Kul is the largest lake in Kyrgyzstan, surrounded on two sides by the Terskey Alatoo and Kungey Ala-Too ranges. It is widely believed that the name Issyk Kul in Kyrgyz means 'hot lake,' because the water in the lake never freezes. The name of the lake also bears religious significance. The adjective 'issyk' is phonetically modified form of the ancient Turkic word 'ydyk' which means 'sacred.' This unique lake was considered sacred among indigenous people. Located at an altitude of 1609 meters, the lake covers an area of 6236 km2 and has an average depth of 300 meters (although it can reach depths of 668 meters in some areas). It is one of the largest and deepest alpine lakes in the world. The coast is famous for its exceptional landscape and particular maritime climate.It is also the largest health resort zone in Central Asia, with numerous health resorts, hotels, and private guest houses, making it a top destination.
JETI OGUZ GORGEJETI OGUZ GORGE
The picturesque Jeti Oguz gorge is located 28 km southwest of the town of Karakol. Its name in Kyrgyz means 'seven bulls,' referring to the seven large red-brown cliffs, reminiscent of seven fierce bulls. The Jaralangan Jurok (Broken Heart Rock), located at the entrance to the gorge, is especially aesthetically romantic. The Jeti Oguz Health Resort, located in the gorge, is well known for its geothermal springs. Another must-visit destination is Kyzdyn Koz Jashy (Maidens' Tears Waterfall), standing at 2500 meters high. Brooks running down along a 40 meter steep rock wall and forming hundreds of thousands of small streams and drops, truly captivating to the eye, resembles tears, giving the waterfall its name.
TUZ-KÖL LAKETUZ-KÖL LAKE
Tuz-Köl (also named Kara Köl, meaning ‘dead lake’) is the saltiest lake in Kyrgyzstan with a perimeter of 1500 meters and depth of 11 meters. It is located on the southern shore of Issyk Kul Lake, near the village of Kara-Koo, 1609 meters above sea level. This lake is often compared to the Dead Sea in Israel. The water in the lake is so dense that swimming in it is like floating. According to scientific data, the amount of salt in the lake is 132 grams per liter. The high concentration of salt helps cure many diseases, such as psoriasis and other dermatological, gynecological, and musculoskeletal diseases. The silt mud along the coast formed as a result of microorganism activities has long been used for therapeutic and cosmetic purposes.
FAIRY TALE CANYONFAIRY TALE CANYON
Fairy Tale Canyon is one of the most interesting places in Kyrgyzstan, filled with fantastic sandy forms, thanks to which the canyon got its sonorous name. Over the millennia of erosion, red sandstone has taken shape, resembling the outlines of fabulous monsters and ancient castles from ancient legends. Some of the natural sculptures in the canyon have their own names. The most recognizable is the “Chinese wall”, very reminiscent of the famous monument of architecture of China. It is worth adding that in winter there is almost no snow, and therefore you can see the Tale in all its glory at any time of the year. The canyon is located very close to the road and the lake shore, and therefore it is an excellent option for resting.
RUH ORDO CENTRERUH ORDO CULTURAL CENTER
The Cultural Center, named after famous Kyrgyz writer Chyngyz Aitmatov, was founded in 2002 in Cholpon Ata, right on the shore of Issyk Kul Lake in the open air. Ruh Ordo combines elements of various cultures and religions. Sculptures and portraits of famous people who left their mark in the history of mankind can be found here. One may also visit the Buddhist, Catholic, Orthodox, Muslim and Jewish churches that sit next to each other, symbolizing the unity of faith of all people on Earth. Ruh Ordo, which means 'spiritual center' in Kyrgyz, is a special place where the atmosphere of peace prevails, which allows one to move away from the daily hustle and bustle and make a short trip into the world of beauty, into the spiritual world.
SARY CHELEK LAKESARY CHELEK LAKE
Sary Chelek lake is located 500 km from Bishkek and 300 km from Osh, in the territory of the Sary Chelek State Biosphere Reserve. The lake lies on the boundary of At-Oinok and Chatkal ranges, at an altitude of 1940 meters. The lake covers an area of 507 hectares, has a length of 7.5 km, and a depth of 234 meters. It is the second and third deepest lake in Kyrgyzstan and Central Asia, respectively. The coastline is covered with dense forests and rocky places in some areas. Sary Chelek is fed by several mountain rivers. The water temperature in summer does not exceed 19 °C and in winter ranges from 0 °C to 4 °C. Sary Chelek in Kyrgyz means 'yellow barrel.' According to legend, there was once an old beekeeper who, one spring, decided to place hives on the shores of an unusually beautiful lake. When the time for harvest had come, the beekeeper was so mesmerized by the golden color of honey, he named the lake Yellow Barrels referring to the barrels full of honey on the shore. Additionally, there is also another explanation to the name of the lake. As autumn rolls around, the golden color of the trees on the coastline reflected in the water form a fabulous whole golden landscape. The Sary Chelek State Biosphere Reserve (area 23,8 ha) is included in UNESCO’s international network of nature reserves. It was established to preserve the flora and fauna of the walnut forests and alpine landscapes.
ARSLANBOBARSLANBOB WALNUT FORESTS
The walnut forests of Arslanbob are a rare masterpiece of nature with their beauty and diversity of plant species. This picturesque area is located 50 kilometers north of the city of Jalal Abad. The territory, with an overall area of 608,500 hectares is home to 130 different tree and shrub species. The most common plants are walnut trees, providing 200-400 kg of fruit per year. A common legend says that Alexander the Great came to these lands in 329 BC and was so delighted by the taste of the nuts, he brought them back home and cultivated them, later spreading them all throughout Greece.
AIGUL TASH MOUNTAINAIGUL TASH MOUNTAIN
The Aigul Tash mountain is located at the entrance of the Kara Bulak village. It is home to an amazingly beautiful flower which red and yellow petals endemic to the area, called aigul, that blooms in April. According to legend, a maiden named Aigul was unable to withstand the news that the man that she loved had died in battle, and threw herself off the cliff of this very mountain. When spring came, wonderful flowers started growing in the places where the maiden’s drops of blood had fallen. People named the flowers Aigul and the mountain Aigul-Tash, after the maiden. The flower is listed in the Red Book.
KEGETY GORGEKEGETY GORGE
The Kegety Gorge is located 75 km from the city of Bishkek on the northern slope of Kyrgyz Ala-Too, and has rich flora. Tall grasslands, barberry, rowan, wild rose, and fir forests largely contribute to the beauty of the gorge. The Kegety river, which flows through the gorge, has many tributaries. The largest of them is the the Kel-Tor river (the right tributary) which flows down through a smaller gorge with beautiful landscape. The main source of the Kel-Tor river flows through moraine passes under the ground and breaks out roaring at a certain point in a forested area. Natural and climatic features of the Kegety Gorge are favorable for hiking and trekking, as well as picnics.
CHUNKURCHAKCHUNKURCHAK SKI RESORT
The Chunkurchak Ski Resort is a young and developing ski resort, located 30 km from Bishkek, in the picturesque Chunkurchak Valley. The resort provides proximity to the capital, compact arrangement of service facilities, and comfortable pistes for amateur skiers, making it an ideal destination for family holidays. There are four different chairlifts. Guests can benefit from facilities such as the cafe, sports equipment rental, medical center, and children's playground, all of which are available on the premises of the resort. Ski season: December – March.
ALA-ARCHAALA-ARCHA NATIONAL PARK
Located at an altitude of 1500-4895 meters above sea level, 41 km from Bishkek, and occupying an area of approximately 20 hectares, the Ala-Archa National Park includes all landscape and climatic zones. A river with the same name flows through the gorge. The beautiful landscape and richness of flora and fauna in the park allows it to be used for hiking, recreation, and leisure all year round.
CHONG-KEMIN VALLEYCHONG-KEMIN VALLEY
There is an amazingly beautiful valley called Chong-Kemin between Kungey Ala-Too and Ile Alatau ranges that stretches more than 100 km from east to west. The river in the valley is also called Chong Kemin and it flows into the Chu river where the Boom Gorge starts. It is a well known destination among white water rafting and kayaking enthusiasts. The valley covers the territory of the Chong-Kemin State Nature Park. The park is the habitat of animals such as alpine ibex, argalis, martens, ermines, rock partridges, snow leopards, deer, Turkestan lynxex, golden eagles, saker falcons, and bearded vultures. In the park, there is also the mausoleum of Shabdan Baatyr, a Kyrgyz historic figure who took active role in accession of Kyrgyz people to the Russian Empire in the 19th century.
LAKE KOL-TORLAKE KOL-TOR
Lake Kol-Tor, one of the most beautiful lakes of Kyrgyzstan, it is located in the homonymous gorge. The lake itself and the colour of the lake is very fascinating. The weather determines colour of the lake. When you look at the lake in cloudy weather, it has milky kind of colour, but in sunny day, it has turguosish colour. Flora of the gorge is very rich and beautiful: spruce forest and different kind of flowers.
SONG KOL LAKESONG KOL LAKE
The Song Kol Lake is located in the southwestern part of the Naryn province, within a basin between the Song Kol Too and Moldo Too mountain ridges, at an altitude of 3016 meters. It is the second largest lake, after Issyk-Kul, with a surface area of 278 km2 and a maximum depth of 14 meters. The lake is fed by several mountain rivers. The spacious meadows around the lake have been used as summer pastures by nomadic shepherds since the ancient times
TASH RABATTASH RABAT CARAVANSERAI
This well preserved historical monument is located 110 km from the town of Naryn, in the valley of Kara Koyun, stationed at an altitude of 3200 meters. It was built approximately in the 15th century, and was home to merchants and travelers, and linked the Fergana and Chui valleys to Kashgar.
KEL-SUU LAKEKEL-SUU LAKE
The Kel-Suu Lake is located in the Naryn province, in the Kakshaal Too range of Inner Tien Shan, situated at an altitude of 3400 meters above sea level. It is quite close to the Chinese border. Surrounded by high rocky cliffs, it was formed as a result of large rockfall that blocked the narrow channel of the river. Kel-Suu stretches for more than 12 km and is 2 km wide. The depth varies, depending on the season of the year - reaching the maximum depth towards the end of summer as a result of the melting snow and ice in the mountains. The water in the lake is fresh and exhibits a greenish color. One can experience the lake in its full beauty by going for a ride on a motorboat.
SULAIMAN TOOSULAIMAN TOO
The Sulaiman Too mountain is located in the center of Osh city. It is the first UNESCO World Heritage Site listed from Kyrgyzstan. Some historical and theological works, written sources, and ancient manuscripts mention that 366 of the 124 thousand prophets sent down by God in human history had visited this mountain. The mountain has has been considered a sacred place as evidenced by the paintings in the caves on the slopes of the mountain. Sulaiman Too is a historical and architectural complex at the top and on the slopes of the mountain, where many historical monuments of different eras - such as caves with ancient petroglyphs, the Takht-i Suleiman Mosque, Ravat Abdulla Mosque, the Asaf ibn Burhiya Mausoleum, and the historical museum with a rich collection of archaeological, ethnographic, and zoological exhibits - can be found. Almost every one of these places is a unique ritual object, surrounded by a veil of mystery and legend.
ABSHYR ATAABSHYR ATA
The Abshyr Ata waterfall is located 70 km from the city of Osh, in the Abshyr Sai valley (sitting 1500-2500 meters above sea level). One has to walk about 3 km along the river and through the gorge to see this unique creation of nature. A powerful water flow breaks out from a hole on a steep cliff (1.5-2 meters in diameter) at a height of 12-15 meters. The low-mineralized water is believed to have healing properties.
ALAI VALLEYALAI VALLEY
Highland Alai Valley is located in the southernmost area of Kyrgyzstan. This tectonic depression is bounded on the north and south by Alai and Trans-Alai ranges, respectively. It is located 2240-3536 meters above sea level, the average height is 3000 meters. The valley stretches 174 km from west to east. The width varies between 3 to 40 km. The area is 8400 km2 . Despite its cold and dry climate, the valley is rich in succulent summer pastures. It is home to various wildlife, including rock partridge, ular, foxes, Alai red marmots, bears and mountain goats.
UZGEN MINARETUZGEN MINARET
The Uzgen minaret is located in the town of Uzgen, which became the capital of the Karakhanid Khanate in the 12th century. The minaret is part of The Uzgen Historical and Architectural Complex dating back to 11th-12th centuries. Due to strong earthquakes, the top of the minaret has been destroyed and now sits at a height of 27.5 meters, however the structure of the minaret suggests that it originally stood about 45 meters tall. The walls of the building are made of fired brick and are decorated with patterns. The purpose of the minaret was to call the people to commit the namaz (obligatory prayer of muslims) as well as serve as a watchtower.
The tract Saimaluu-Tash (Saimaly Tash) is one of the largest rock art galleries - petroglyphs in the world. More than one hundred thousand drawings are marked here. Saimaluu Tash is located south of the village Kazarman of the Jalalabad region of Kyrgyzstan in the mountains of the Fergana Range at an altitude of 3000-3200 m. Saimaluu-Tash in Kyrgyz means a patterned, painted stone.
Petroglyphs of Saimaluu-Tash belong to different epochs: from deep antiquity (II millennium BC) to the Middle Ages. They are applied to more than 10,000 large basalt stones randomly scattered over the area. Such a vast time range is fully consistent with the richness of plots, images and signs.
BESH TASHBESH TASH NATIONAL PARK
Besh Tash National Park is 13 km from Talas and located on both sides of the Besh Tash river. The park, with an overall area of 32411 hectares, is home to rare plant and animal species included in the Red Book of the Kyrgyz Republic, such as argali, Turkestan lynx, snow leopards, golden eagles, Himalayan vultures, and saker falcons. There is a high altitude lake (2997 meters high, 28 meters deep) with the same name. Osman, marinka, and trout are some of the different fish that can be found in the lake, along with the rainbow trout found in the Besh Tash river.
KAPRIZ SKI RESORTKAPRIZ SKI RESORT
Kapriz-Karakol is a ski resort. It is located at an altitude of 2300 m above sea level, on the slopes of Kungei Ala-Too, among the majestic coniferous forests. A mild climate due to the influence of the ice-free highland lake Issyk-Kul, will allow you to get the maximum pleasure from riding. In winter, the air temperature during the day rarely drops below - 5 degrees, and a large number of sunny days allows you to skate and sunbathe simultaneously.
The length of the descents: from 800 meters to 4.5 kilometers.
The highest point of skiing: 3040 meters.
Height difference: 740 meters.
Minimum gradient: 7%.
Maximum bias: 53%.
The duration of the winter season: from November to April.
BURANA TOWERBURANA TOWER
Burana Tower is one of the oldest structures of this kind in Central Asia, located 12 km south-west of the Kyrgyz city of Tokmok on the way to the Kegety gorge of the Kyrgyz range, on the left bank of the Chu River.
Its construction dates back to the 10th-11th centuries. To date, the height is 21, 7 meters. Burana Tower is part of the archaeological and architectural Kyrgyz museum and is protected by the state as a first-class monument of cultural heritage.
Near the tower there is a "garden of stones" in which are collected: the so-called "balbals" - ancient tombstones, ancient millstones, and stones with rock paintings.
Ala-Kul LakeAla-Kul Lake
Ala-Kul (also Alakul, Ala-Kel, Ala-Köl) is a large high-mountain glacial lake, located in the eastern part of the Terskey Ala-Too Range on the southern shore of Lake Issyk-Kul, near the city of Karakol. The lake is located in a vast basin between the Karakol and Altyn-Arashan Canyons and has no runoff. The name of the lake from Kyrgyz translates as “a motley lake” which fits perfectly to this place. Ala-Kul really amazes with its colors: bright turquoise water adjoins with mountains, snow, green grass and flowers. In addition to the lake, tourists are also attracted by the trekking route that leads to the lake. There are two routes to the lake: through the picturesque Karakol Gorge or amazing Altyn-Arashan Gorge, but in this case it is necessary to overcome the Ala-Kul pass (altitude 3900 meters). Many tourists use the circular route with an entrance to one gorge and an exit from another.
Konorchek CanyonsKonorchek Canyons
Konorchek Canyon is an amazing tourist destination in the eastern part of the Kyrgyz Range. It looks like a miniature Grand Canyon in the middle of the Tian-Shan Mountains! Thousands of years of soil erosion have made this place incredible. It is famous for the remains of the ancient volcano Seghizhan-Shokny. The remains of volcanoes for Kyrgyzstan are an exceptional phenomenon due to the fact that Central Asia has almost no traces of volcanoes. Even to this day, it is possible to find the remains of shells from ancient times when there was a sea. Despite the fact that the canyon is in the middle of the mountains, the temperature here is on average warmer than in the Chui Valley. There is practically no snow in the winter and the temperature hardly drops below 40 degrees Celsius in summer. Therefore, it is better for tourists to visit during spring or autumn. The way to the canyon passes along the canal of a long dried up river. At times, the rocks are so close that there is a passage about a meter and a half wide. A very unusual phenomenon for the Tien Shan. Konorchek is an excellent choice for a one-day excursion. The hiking path to the canyon is 5 kilometers, but for fans of long hikes, there are many places to go because the canyon area is 200 km.
Altyn-Arashan GorgeAltyn-Arashan Gorge
Altyn-Arashan (translation «Golden Spring») is a high mountain gorge in the eastern part of the Terskey-Ala-Too mountain range, located near the city of Karakol. This gorge is one of the most popular tourist places in Kyrgyzstan due to its unique nature, hot springs, spruce forests and stunning views. The territory of the gorge was recognized as a specially protected reserve zone due to the great natural diversity. The status of the natural reserve of the gorge was obtained in 1963. This is one of the few places in Kyrgyzstan where the relict forest from Tien Shan fir has preserved. The hot springs of Altyn-Arashan are also widely known. The hot springs of Altyn-Arashan are also widely known. The hot springs are located at an altitude of 2600 meters and have a curative effect due to the content of radon and hydrogen sulfide in the water. All the year round, the water temperature is 35 degrees for the radon source and 41 degrees for hydrogen sulfide. Some sources are in indoor pools, while others are “wild” to this day, located in hollows or grottoes carved into stones. The place is very touristic due to the fact that through the gorge is possible to get to Ala-Kul lake, the most beautiful lake of Terskey-Ala-Too. The road passes through the left tributary of the Altyn-Arashan River, 5 kilometers above the resort. From the gorge also it is possible to see famous Aksu Wall, also called Paltka Peak (translation Tent Peak), it was called due to its unusual trapezoid shape. The view on the wall became a kind of visiting card of the gorge. For those who love hiking, a walk to the foot of the peak, where there is a small glacial lake Kashka-Suu and several waterfalls: Sharkyratma, Kuldurek, Tash-Tekter, Archali-Tor and Takyr-Tor. In Altyn-Arashan there is a huge number of tourist routes. This place is used as a base camp for radial exit and as a starting point on the way to Ala-Kul lake, Ak-Suu gorge, Karakol and Djety-Oguz valleys. It is also a wonderful place to relax among the untouched nature of the Tien Shan.
Grigoriev GorgeGrigoriev Gorge
Grigoriev Gorge is a long and picturesque gorge on the northern shore of the Lake Issyk-Kul, near the village of Grigorievka. The gorge is famous for its wooded slopes and three mountain lakes. Grigoriev Gorge is very popular among tourists, as well as the neighboring Semenov Gorge due to easy accessibility and stunning beauty. The gorge is located on the Küngey Ala-Too Ridge and it has a very interesting relief. Narrow areas here are suddenly replaced by fairly wide valleys and vice versa. A stormy river flows through the gorge and forms three small lakes with marshy banks. The slopes of the Grigorievsky Gorge are unusually wooded, and the forest zone begins in the lowest part. The gorge is one of Issyk Kul’s most visited sights. In summer, it is possible to stay in one of the many yurts in the area. There are many tourist routes to the neighboring Semenov Gorge, through the Kek-Bel Pass, as well as to the western part of the Kyungey Ala-Too Range and the Zailiisky Alatau Range.
Semenov GorgeSemenov Gorge
Semenov Gorge (also Chon-Ak-Suu) is one of the most famous gorges on the northern shore of Lake Issyk-Kul. It is located on the Küngey Ala-Too Ridge and has a length of 30 kilometers. In the depths of the gorge lies a small lake, which is called the Sacred because of its purity and transparency. The upper part of the gorge joins with the Grigoryev Gorge. The name of the gorge is in honor of the famous traveler Semenov-Tian-Shansky, who explored these places in the middle of the XIX century. This place is very popular among tourists, because there are not many easily accessible places and beautiful gorges on the northern shore of Issyk-Kul. At the beginning of the gorge a thick spruce forest starts. In addition to fir trees, in the gorge it is possible to find thickets of barberry, sea-buckthorn, dogrose and currant. The gorge has quite a developed tourist infrastructure. Here it is possible to spend the night in a yurt, taste Kyrgyz national dishes cooked on a stake, drink kymyz and get acquainted with the nomadic culture of the country. From the end of July until the end of September there is a yurt camp where you can try to raise a yurt or simply enjoy nomadic life in the middle of pristine nature. A large number of tourist routes pass along the Semenov Gorge. Most of them are designed for one-day hikes, but there are also complex routes leading to the Chon-Kemin Gorge or the Zailiisky Alatau Ridge.
Barskoon GorgeBarskoon Gorge
Barskoon Gorge (also Barskaun) is one of the most beautiful gorges on the southern shore of Issyk-Kul, famous for high waterfalls and dense spruce forests. The gorge is famous because it was visited by the first man who flew into space – Yuri Gagarin. The length of the Barskoon Gorge is about 30 kilometers. It stretches deep into the mountains of Terskey Ala-Too, reaching the high plateau (syrta) Arabel, which is separated from the gorge by a cascade of passes. The height of the passes in the Barskoon Gorge are very high and reach 4000 meters. Barskoon is very attractive for tourists both for its natural beauty and cultural attractions including the following: Cascade of Barskoon waterfalls: Tears of the Leopard, Bowl of Manas, Sparkling Champagne and Beard Ak-Sakal. Among the cultural attractions in the gorge it is important to note the camp of Tagay-biy, or as it is also called, Muhammed-Kyrghiz. He was one of the founders of the Kyrgyz state. Another famous monument is the Yuri Gagarin statue. Contrary to popular belief, the astronaut was only passing through these places and did not visit them regularly.
Shamsi GorgeShamsi Gorge
The Shamsi Gorge is in the eastern part of the Kyrgyz ridge, located near the town of Tokmok. This gorge is famous for its large number of forests and trees. There is also the so-called “Shah’s House”, which was built in 1968 for the Iranian Shah, who visited Kyrgyzstan. The gorge has a rich cultural history: for a long time, the Shamsi Pass and the Gorge were a connecting route between Kochkor and Chui Valleys. Next to the gorge is the famous Burana Tower. Nowadays the Shamsi Gorge is very popular as a connecting link for many tourist routes. From the gorge it is possible to get to the Kochkor Valley and then to Song Kol, in addition to the canyons of Konorchek and the Boom Gorge.
Chychkan GorgeChychkan Gorge
Chychkan Gorge is a long and picturesque gorge in the northern part of the Jalal-Abad Region, through it passes the Bishkek-Osh Road. Perhaps everyone who traveled from Bishkek to Osh by car remembered this place well. The gorge has forest and it slopes are covered with Tien-Shan Spruce trees, flowers and thickets of mountain berries. Chychkan means “mouse” in Kyrgyz. Such a specific name was given to the gorge due to the abundance of field mice that live in numerous burrows on its slopes. The average height of the gorge is 2200 meters. This is a great place to relax, picnic or take a short walk through the wooded slopes of the mountains. Such amount of vegetation is impossible without a lot of water. A turbulent river flows along the bottom of the gorge and then it flows into the Toktogul Reservoir. There are also several small lakes in the located in the gorge at an altitude of 3000 meters. Chychkan is famous for its honey. The gorge is rich in flowers and herbs and therefore the honey here is unusually fragrant and delicious.
Tash-Rabat (also Tashrabat) is an ancient caravanserai located in the territory of Naryn region, not far from the border with China. It was one of the key parts of the ancient Great Silk Road. The caravanserai is located at an impressive altitude of 3100 meters in the southern part of the At-Bashi ridge. Numerous caravans laden with oriental goods from China had been founding shelter for centuries here. The history of Tash-Rabat goes back to ancient times. Back in the 2th-1th centuries. BC. e. and in the 1th-2th centuries. AD Caravans of merchants used to go around this area. Later the main route of the Silk Road had changed but still, the place was used by trade caravans. In the 10th-11th centuries, a monastery was founded here. According to different versions, either Buddhist or Christian, which fell into decay. On its remains in the 14th-15th centuries, a caravanserai was built, one of the four most important in Central Asia. This is a splendidly preserved cultural and historical monument, unique in its kind in Kyrgyzstan and one of the most important remnants of the Great Silk Road.
Kyrgyz-Ata Nature ReserveKyrgyz-Ata Nature Reserve
Kyrgyz-Ata is a nature reserve, located in the Osh region, 40 kilometers south of the city of Osh on the northern slope of the Alay Range. The territory of Kyrgyz-Ata has many tourist attractions. Most of the reserve is a botanical reserve, created to preserve the juniper forests, mountain tulips and saffron, which grows on the territory. Mountains of the Alay Range refer to the mountain system of the Pamirs and are composed of multi-colored marble. Kyrgyz-Ata includes several gorges, including the Karagoy, Kaldai and Mazar tracts. In the highland part of the park there is the Pervomaisky Pass leading to the Kichi-Alai valley. The most popular in the national park Kyrgyz-Ata is the Karagoy gorge. Every weekend, many visitors from Osh and the nearest villages come here. Nookat mountain drawings are widely known, located in the canyon of Aravan Dangi, pierced by the Aravan-Say river. On the steep walls of the canyon with height 500 meters, it is possible to see images of animals, as well as various signs of religious significance left by primitive people. In addition, there are several mineral springs on the territory of the reserve. The most famous of them are the source of Tuya-Moyun and Eski-Nookat.
Manas-Ordo ComplexManas-Ordo Complex
Manas-Ordo is a cultural and historical complex, housing the story of the famous epic hero of Kyrgyzstan, Manas. According to the legend, his grave is located in this place. Manas-Ordo is located 15 kilometers east of the city of Talas. According to legend, the headquarter of Manas was located in the Talas Valley. A few words about Manas and its significance for the Kyrgyz people. Manas is the hero of the epos, the biggest in the world, surpassing the famous Indian Mahabharata and Homer’s Illiad. The epos narrates about the Kyrgyz hero Manas, who returned the Kyrgyz from Altai to the Tien Shan and later defended them against Chinese raids. The epic is historical and therefore a significant part of the events described in it actually happened. Complex Manas Ordo was created to preserve the memory of such a significant phenomenon in the Kyrgyz culture. The most important attraction of the complex is the Manas Gumbez, ie its grave. In fact, the Gumbez is not the grave of Manas. The building of the Gumbez is a Karakhanid mausoleum of the late period, built 5 centuries before the events described by the epos. Presumably, the daughter of the Karakhanid Khan rests there. The mausoleum is covered with a carved mosaic made of clay and the dome is a cone of rugged shape, which is rare in the buildings of Central Asia.
Besh-Tash Nature ReserveBesh-Tash Nature Reserve
The Besh-Tash Nature Reserve is a large natural park located in the mountains of the Talas Range. It is located south of the city of Talas and includes the Besh-Tash, Kolba, Kumush-Tag and Urmaral Gorges. The height of the reserve varies from 1100 to 3500 meters above sea level. Besh-Tash translated from Kyrgyz means “five stones”. Such a specific name was given to the reserve because of the five stones standing in the Besh-Tash Gorge. There is an interesting legend about five thieves, who turned into stones due to their atrocities. The reserve was created with the aim of preserving the natural diversity of the Talas Region. The slopes of the gorges of the reserve are densely covered with Archa forests and are practically untouched by man. In addition to Archa, Tien-Shan spruce and fir occur here. The reserve includes eight mountain lakes, the largest is the Besh-Tash Lake, located in the same gorge. This is a great place for trekking and hiking. To see all the beauty of the nature reserve need more than one day but it worth it.